Film, religion, TV

Shocking similarities between geek culture and religious fundamentalism

What do Superman and God have in common?

Well, I’m sure many have written a dissertation on such a question, but one obvious answer is they both have obsessive fans – geeks and fundamentalists.

As someone who grew up in a pretty fundamentalist Christian background and then went on to become a massive geek, I’ve noticed some pretty startling similarities between the two groups.

Here are a just a few…

 

Bizarre obsession with continuity

Christian fundamentalists often speak of ‘The Bible’ as if it’s one homogeneous text – something can be ‘biblical’ or ‘un-biblical’ depending on ‘what The Bible says.’

Of course, one is likely to think such a thing when you believe all scripture was inspired by God himself, but as we learn more about the context of the many texts of both the Hebrew Scriptures and the New Testament, we understand an obvious truth – each one was written in a specific time and place, with specific intentions.

It’s believed a lot of the Old Testament was written during the Jewish Exile to Babylon, and so the narrative focus on the Israelites being God’s chosen people is understood to be a wonderful story providing a strong image for the Jewish people struggling with a national identity.

Equally, each of the gospels were written at different times for different audiences which explains the varying portrayals of Jesus in each. It is really quite startling to contrast the differences between the human Jesus of Mark who dies on the cross asking ‘My God, My God, why have you forsaken me?’, to the God-man striding across the Earth in the Gospel of John.

Indeed, a better way to understand the Bible is not as one book written by one author with one intention, but instead put together (over a much greater period) a bit like Doctor Who. The classic sci-fi TV show began in 1963 in black and white, with a grumpy old Doctor who tried to cave the head of a caveman in during the second episode. But it changed radically across the course of its history, The Doctor becoming a recorder-playing clown, then a suave aikido-practicing gentleman who was trapped on Earth. And all this was before he became the iconic Tom Baker!

Importantly, the mythology kept on evolving. Initially The Doctor was just a wandering alien, perhaps the last of his kind, but then it was revealed he had a species. His first regeneration was explicitly linked to the powers of the TARDIS, but the second regeneration was down to the Time Lords. The Daleks were initially creepy lone survivors on a near-dead planet, before they became all powerful conquerors.

Trying to suggest there’s one consistent mythology to Doctor Who is a fool’s errand – it was written by different writers, for a changing audience over more than 50 years. But this doesn’t stop fans trying, pointing out ‘X contradicts an episode from over 30 years ago.’ In much the same way, it would do the fundamentalist good to acknowledge that contradictions within their Holy Scripture (which can be found not just across books, but also a mere few passages apart, such as how many animals God instructed to be taken on the ark) shouldn’t be explained away, but accepted as the inevitable outcome of an ever-evolving mythology across a library of fascinating texts.

 

Missing the spirit of the text

It is quite amazing how many racist and/or sexist Twitter users have the face of a superhero as their bio pic.  Aren’t superheroes about human decency? It’s extraordinary that any Star Trek fan could complain about a black lead. Isn’t the whole point of Star Trek an absolute egalitarian society? And recently, isn’t it crazy how Doctor Who fans have complained that from Christmas the next Doctor will be played by a woman? Doctor Who, as well as being about compassion and doing the right thing, so often preaches the necessity of change and the dangers of not letting go of the past.

It often seems fans completely miss the point of the characters and shows they idolise.

In much the same way, it is absolutely bizarre than any Christian could support Trump, who aims to make it harder for the poorest in the United States to have access to basic rights like healthcare and education. Wasn’t Jesus’ whole point that we should be reaching out to the poor and outcast in our society, and that the Kingdom of God will be the inversion of today’s reality? Yet Trump had a huge amount of support from Evangelical Christians.

It appears both fundamentalists and geeks could do well to look at the spirit of the texts, shows and characters they dedicate so much time to.

 

Problematic views on women

It’s sad but true that geek culture has some real issues with women. Of course this was shown clearly with the man-babies crying about the casting of a female Doctor (which I have talked about at some length here), but it’s equally manifested in the way fans reacted to the last two Star Wars movies having a female lead.

I remember reading lots of commentators responding to the Rogue One trailer saying ‘ANOTHER female lead.’ I know right, two out of eight movies – CRAZY!

Gaming culture is also particularly bad, with ‘bros’ talking about ‘girl gamers’ not being ‘real gamers’.

Again, this parallels fundamentalists across all the Abrahamic religions, who are often uncomfortable with female leadership. It is absolutely ridiculous that the Church of England is still arguing over female bishops. Why on Earth would a God (who, if he/she exists at all, would almost certainly be genderless) care about what genitals you have? That seems a far more human concern.

The lesson from this one is simple, geeks and fundamentalists both need to grow the fuck up and stop being so sexist.

 

The Golden Age

One of the defining traits of fundamentalism is ‘The Golden Age’ of the religion. This tends to extend both backwards and forwards in time. Once there was a golden age where the religion was practiced perfectly and, soon, there will be a future where the religion is once again practiced perfectly. Only now, at this specific moment, are the hard times.

This thinking is rife across all kinds of geek fandom. Star Wars might seem a slightly unfair example because the originals really were ground-breaking and hugely influential cinema, but the response to the prequels (and, in some circles, the newer movies) was always a bit blinkered, as if the originals were flawless with Shakespearean dialogue and unrivaled acting (they weren’t!)

Clearer still is Doctor Who fans who constantly hate on current showrunner Steven Moffat. They’ll complain endlessly that the Russell T. Davies era was the golden age of the show and it’s never been as good since, often forgetting the times when the Davies era wasn’t all that great (I mean no-one really liked that Daleks in Manhattan two-parter did they?) And, in perfect parallel to the fundamentalists, they project all their hopes on the upcoming showrunner, Chris Chibnall, for a new golden age of Doctor Who. It is inevitable that, within the first two or three weeks of the next series, they’ll be pining for the golden days of Moffat.

 

Silly differences

It’s amazing how religious followers can have so many beliefs in common but still see each other as ‘opposed’. You see it in Catholics and Protestants most obviously, but I’ve been in Evangelical churches who are quick to question whether some other set of Christians are ‘real Christians’ and ask if they are ‘really saved’.

This again is reflected in geek culture.

‘If you like the Star Wars prequels, you’re not a REAL Star Wars fan.’

‘They only liked Doctor Who because they fancied David Tennant.’

Guys, can’t we see what unites us rather than pick up on the smallest of differences?

 

Both geeks and fundamentalists spend too much time thinking about imaginary characters

As both a geek and someone slightly theistic leaning, this one is just me being facetious.

 

Most are nice people

For all the negative similarities, I think it’s worth pointing out the most obvious similarity – both are given a bad reputation by the vocal minority of dumb followers/fans.

Most religious people, even fundamentalists, want to practice their religion in peace without imposing it on the lives of others.

Similarly, most geeks watch these shows and films because they enjoy them, and don’t log-in to internet forums to complain that it’s the ‘worst one ever’ or to vent their anger at the latest bit of casting.

Both groups could benefit from some of their most vocal members just….shutting up…

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TV

5 reasons why a female Doctor is exactly what Doctor Who needs right now

By the end of Christmas Day, The Doctor will officially be a woman (none other than the fabulous Jodie Whittaker.) I was ecstatic when I heard the news, another genius bit of casting for the show, but not everyone agreed. Unsurprisingly the casting of the first female Doctor proved to be somewhat controversial, with a few fans saying they’ll never watch the show again (they almost certainly will, but that’s beside the point!)

I personally don’t really understand it. How can you watch a show about a two thousand year old, shape shifting, time travelling alien with two hearts but find switching the gender of the character the thing that kills your suspension of disbelief?

Quite frankly, I think the casting of Jodie Whittaker isn’t just acceptable, it’s exactly what the show needs right now. Here are five reasons why:

 

1. Doctor Who needs change

I love Doctor Who, more than I should really (in fact I even argued that it’s as good as any religion, and I was only half-joking), but even I would say the show has felt a little…’stale’ the last few years. Don’t get wrong, Capaldi has been great and there have been some really amazing episodes with incredible thematic depth way beyond what should be expected of a Saturday teatime TV show, but the ratings have been in decline. It’s not doing bad by any means, but it’s some way away from the highs of the Russell T Davies era.  And again, I don’t think that’s because of the quality of writing, so much as the ‘new’ incarnation of Doctor Who is now twelve years old, and has had the same creative team behind it for the last seven years. No matter how good the writing has been, it feels like the show has had the pedal fully to the floor but is still only going at 50mph for the last few years.

Doctor Who’s biggest strength is it’s basically an anthology show. Unlike Game of Thrones, Doctor Who is largely designed so anyone can watch an episode at any time and still get something from it. But also unlike Game of Thrones, it can’t rely on the momentum of an on-going story to bring people back each week. So, if people start to think of Doctor Who as ‘same old, same old’ (a term that featured in the trailer for Series 9 for some reason known only to the BBC marketing department), they’re not going to tune in.

The new creative team next year, headed by Chris Chibnall, will almost certainly give the show an organic ‘freshness’ that it hasn’t been able to artificially generate, try as it might have with Series 10. Again, I don’t think the show will necessarily be better, but it will feel new once more.

But what better way to tell the audience that this is not business as usual than by casting a female Doctor? With the news making the front pages today, the show feels more in the public consciousness now than it has since the 50th Special in 2013.

 

2. It only makes sense

Steven Moffat might not have cast a female Doctor, but he’s certainly done his fair share in making the mythology of the show ready for a woman lead.

One of his first lines for the show as head writer was having the newly regenerated Matt Smith question whether he was ‘a girl’. He then added the line about The Corsair (another Timelord) being a female in one of his regenerations to a Gaiman script, and in Series 9 he showed a balding, middle-aged male Timelord regenerate into a black woman…gee, do you think he was trying to tell us something?

Of course his ultimate move was casting a female Master. If everything else was just lip service to the idea of a female Doctor, casting Michelle Gomez as Missy was a test-run…and what a success it was! Gomez owned the role and being a woman didn’t detract in the slightest. It was almost audacious to have her and John Simm (the previous incarnation of The Master) appear in the same episode for the recent finale but there was no need to fear, they totally felt like the same person (at least in the same way all The Doctors have when they’ve met.)

With hindsight the speech The Doctor gave to Bill in the penultimate episode about Timelords rising above humanity’s petty obsessions with gender works as a beautiful build up to the reveal we had yesterday.

In fact, Moffat didn’t just make the idea of a female Doctor compatible with the show’s mythology, he essentially made it a plot hole to not mix things up. If The Doctor can take any form, any colour, any gender, then why does he keep appearing as a white man?

Moffat claims he didn’t know who the Thirteenth Doctor was, but The Doctor’s reply to The Master questioning if the future ‘is all girl’ with ‘I do hope so’ certainly suggests Moffat had a sense of the show’s future….

 

3. Representation is important

Finally it looks like mainstream entertainment is beginning to realise they don’t need white male leads to be successful. Just look at the most recent two Star Wars films – both had a female lead and Rogue One, in particular, had a really diverse supporting cast as well. The recently released Wonder Woman has also shown just how much of an appetite there is for female-lead superhero movies.

Things certainly aren’t moving fast enough (I’m looking at you MCU – God knows how many films and they’ve still all been lead by white guys!), but it does feel like the cultural zeitgeist is changing.

I love Doctor Who and everything it represents (I’ve been proud of the show’s portrayal of Bill’s sexuality this series), and casting a woman Doctor feels like tapping into the mood of the time. That’s not ‘political correctness’ by the way, just the simple acknowledgement that ‘white male lead’ doesn’t have to be the default.

If I had one concern about casting a female Doctor, it’s that I love the role-model Doctor Who offers to young boys – he’s a hero who isn’t remotely defined by his physical strength, but by his intellect and his heart(s). But hey, we’ve had twelve male Doctors, let’s share our hero. And besides, perhaps the message that gender doesn’t really matter at all and is largely irrelevant is better anyway!

 

4. Think of all the interesting questions it raises

Will we have our first proper male companion? (I love Rory and Jack, but they were never the main billing, let’s be honest.) That would mix things up! Or will we have our first all-female TARDIS team? That would be exciting too.

And how will they handle The Doctor’s sexuality (so much as he/she has a sexuality)? Although The Doctor is often shown as being at arm’s length from sexual desire, there’s no doubt that his relationships with Rose, Madame Du Pompadour and River Song all had a romantic element to them. Will a female Doctor feel the same? Will she be a lesbian? Is the Doctor bisexual? Does his/her sexuality change when they regenerate? Do these labels even matter anymore?

The casting has opened up the floodgates to a whole load of interesting questions for the show to explore.

 

5. We get Jodie Whittaker!

Frustratingly, all this talk of whether there should be a female Doctor has almost overshadowed the fact that Jodie Whittaker is a damn good actor. In Broadchurch she gave an anchored performance whilst having to portray such extremes of emotion – I always thought she was overlooked in many ways, with all the praise going to the equally brilliant David Tennant and Olivia Coleman.

But sometimes a casting just feels ‘right’, and this certainly does to me. As a fan, I can’t think of a male actor I’d rather have play the role, and that’s really all that matters in the end – the best actor got the part.

And hopefully, in a few decades time, when some geeks of the future look back at previous Doctors, the fact Jodie Whittaker was the ‘first female Doctor’ will be a mere footnote, a piece of interesting trivia, and ultimately she’ll be judged on her performance.

 

The last episode of Doctor Who ended with the Twelfth and the First Doctor both certain they don’t want change. This is something I’m sure a lot of fans will be able to empathise with at the moment, even more so than usual. But, I’ve got a feeling The Doctors are going to work through their issues…and the future of Doctor Who is going to be just fine. I can’t wait!

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Film

‘Fantastic Beasts And Where To Find Them’ – Review

Fantastic Beasts And Where To Find Them is a charming slice of whimsical magic, beautiful and engrossing from start to finish, and probably my favourite ‘blockbuster’ this year.

Deadpool movie reviewThis surprises me, more than anyone, because I’m not really much of a Potter fan…never have been. I appreciate the movies, don’t get me wrong, and I totally understand why a whole generation fell for them, but I didn’t start watching the Potter series (for various reasons) until film six, which rather left me feeling that I was a bit too late to the party. Plus I always found the stories a little derivative of other fantasy fiction with a few too many MacGuffins for my liking.

Fantastic Beasts is, on the other hand, a different…well…’beast’ altogether. Whilst it certainly expands the Potter universe, it is also very much its own film. There are really obvious similarities to be made with The Hobbit trilogy in that both have a unique story to tell but are also products created for clear commercial gains. Yet whereas The Hobbit trilogy often felt like ‘Lord of the Rings but not as good’, the twenties setting, new characters and general tone of Fantastic Beasts means it doesn’t feel like an imitation of the Potter movies before it, but a movie very much with its own groove.

The similarities between Fantastic Beasts and The Hobbit trilogy also extend to their structure – both have an original story to tell but also surround that story with world building to tie their mythology more deeply into the movies that proceeded them. For Fantastic Beasts, the unique story is that of Newt Scamander and his suitcase full of fantastic creatures.

I’ve heard a fair amount of complaint about Newt, claims that he isn’t really a character and there’s not much too him, but I disagree profoundly. Newt Scamander isn’t provided a tragic origin story, nor is he the ‘chosen one’, he’s just a kind-hearted, slightly eccentric, often awkward character trying to do the right thing because that’s what he believes in. I’m not really that much of a Eddie Redmayne fan, but he completely won me over as Newt and I found myself totally endeared to his character. He’s certainly not devoid of motivation or depth, there are various references to his past that help form his character, but they are refreshingly simple and not overblown. To my mind at least, he’s every bit as fleshed out as Harry Potter himself was in his own movies, if not more so!

This particular story thread also risks feeling kind of slight – ‘his magical creatures have escaped and need to be found’ doesn’t scream high stakes – but Rowling’s screenplay squeezes out every bit of wonder from this concept. The high point is a trip into the magic suitcase itself which reveals the whole world which these imaginative creatures inhabit. The scene is played for full awe and there’s a sense of innocent, imaginative, child-like magic which transcends anything even the early Potter movies could capture. It’s in these scenes that you also get a sense of exactly who Newt is, and just how much he cares for these creatures.

This storyline is also helped by three great supporting characters; Tina Goldstein, her sister Queenie and Jacob Kowalski. The sisters complement each other because one, the good-natured Queenie, is very much defined by her femininity whilst the other, Tina, is more conservative and geeky (that’s probably too strong a word, but she’s certainly a ‘focused’ character.) Jacob is another great addition because he’s a muggle (or nomaj) and is able to offer a completely human pair of eyes to the strange workings of the wizarding world. What’s particularly refreshing about this group of characters is there is nearly no ‘wisecracking’ at all. In today’s superhero dominated landscape, heroes seem to fall into two categories; ‘constant wisecracks’ or ‘brooding’. These heroes, on the other hand, are neither, they are chipper but behave like people, not gag machines. They all, particularly Jacob, essentially feature as Newt’s companions throughout the film.

And I use the term ‘companion’ quite particularly because there’s no denying Newt Scamander’s story shares a considerable chunk of its DNA with Doctor Who (which, if you don’t know, I absolutely adore.) Redmayne’s eccentric British Scamander smacks of Matt Smith’s magnificent Eleventh Doctor (my personal favourite incarnation of the beloved Time Lord) and his suitcase that is bigger on the inside can’t help but bring the TARDIS to mind. I’ve always thought Potter and Doctor Who have a similar lineage, both are full of British eccentricity and world build in a way that avoids taking themselves too seriously…apart from when they need to. But Fantastic Beasts has more similarities still, heck even the eventual fate of Jacob feels distinctly Doctor Who in its execution. There were rumours that director David Yates was interested in making a potential Doctor Who movie and, whilst little more has been said on that, this is the closest we’ve got so far to a big budget Doctor Who movie.

The second plot thread is the one that must do the world building and is considerably darker in tone. It involves the Magical Congress of the United States, The Second-Salemers and Grindelwald. Whilst the Newt story is breezy and light, this plot thread explores child abuse and the terrible effects of suppression and denial of one’s own identity. This thread is probably the one that’s going to provide the momentum for the four (yes, four!) sequels to the movie and will almost certainly bring in a younger Albus Dumbledore not too far down the line. Thankfully this ‘B plot’ doesn’t jar with Newt’s, but instead provides the film a tonal dexterity that enriches every aspect of it.

It’s certainly this part of the movie, however, that brings the flaws that Fantastic Beasts does have to the table. There is a twist at the end involving Grindewald (and an actor who is fast becoming infamous) which both fails in execution and cheapens the development of one of the film’s main characters. It’s also the threads of this storyline which take over for the film’s third act and provides a largely consequence free, CGI laden final showdown which rivals some of Marvel’s laziest efforts and mostly sidelines Newt.

Yet, much like Doctor Who, Fantastic Beasts get so much right and is so endearing that it largely bypasses my critical faculties. On several occasions this movie made me feel, not just sadness (the ending has just the right kind of sentimental ‘farewells’ for my liking) but also awe at some of the amazing creatures and the imaginative ideas behind them. Sure, you feel the studio pressure now and then, but it’s still tangible that Rowling is passionate about these stories and still loves telling them, a passion which is infectious.

Fantastic Beasts ultimately benefits from not being based on a book, paced more like a film without a long middle which has largely nothing to do with the first or final act, a problem for most of the Potter movies.  Rowling’s first screenplay is a real triumph and proof, if proof is needed, that the Potter universe still has plenty of magic left up its sleeve. It also achieves the impossible and makes the prospect of a further four films not just seem bearable, but something to look forward to. If the future films in this saga are as fun, charming and magical as this one, then consider me a full convert to the wizarding world of Harry Potter.

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Philosophy, religion, TV

Is Doctor Who as good as any religion?

Humanity is just one tiny little speck in a vast and uncaring universe.

Humans are also awesome and capable of amazing things.

This is the message of Doctor Who distilled into its purest form.

With the release of the series nine trailer, now seemed as good a time as any to finally write up this idea I’ve had, knocking around for a while, that Doctor Who is as good as any religion.

First things first, let’s make no bones about it, I’m a geek – can’t help it, in my blood. I’m drawn to geeky things. I love Star Wars, I love superhero movies, I enjoy fantasy…you get the picture!

But there’s something special about my love for Doctor Who that transcends my simple enjoyment. It feels deeper, stronger and more important. In fact the closest thing I can describe it to is the relationship I’ve had with Christianity. It’s almost like a religion.

Wait, wait, don’t click off just yet… I know it sounds mad. It’s a Saturday evening kid’s TV show. Yes, I know that! And look, I’m not about to argue that I really think there’s a 900+ year old alien flying around saving our lives or suggest that we set up the sacred church of the TARDIS.

I want to deal with exactly what religion is and exactly why I think Doctor Who fits that mould.

To get to that point though, we’ll need to take the slow path (if you get that reference then I love you) – we must first begin by identifying two fundamental aspects of the show.

The morality of Doctor Who

Most of us are pretty familiar with the Doctor – he’s an ancient alien who travels around in a blue box and often ends up saving the day. If you need a refresh, this is as good as any:

At first The Doctor might appear just like any other generic superhero – a powerful being that shows up, beats the bad guys and moves on. And, in a way, that is kind of what happens…but the Doctor is so much more than that.

We often hear talk about how there are very few good role models for women, which is absolutely true. But, thinking about it, many of the role models for men aren’t that great. Take the Marvel movies, for example. These are kind hearted movies with moral characters at their centre. Each and everyone of those heroes, however, are in some way defined by their strength and each are quick to use violence.

The Doctor is different. He isn’t physically strong or agile, he’s a pacifist who abhors violence and almost always looks for the peaceful option. His super power, if he really has one, is his intelligence. To my eyes that’s one hell of a role model for young boys! In fact it’s a hell of a role model for us all.

What further defines The Doctor is his motivation. Unlike most superheroes he doesn’t appear motivated by duty or obligation (although, being an ancient alien who we know very little about, his motivation is not always clear), he does it because he cares deeply about humanity. The Doctor loves humans, although he can’t always show it. Importantly his love is never portrayed as weakness, it’s the thing that makes him great.

With the companion, time after time we see The Doctor fall in love (largely not in a romantic sense) and face heartache after heartache, but he can’t help himself – The Doctor loves human beings. Not only that, he loves life. The Doctor doesn’t travel because he wants to be a hero, he largely shuns the title, he travels because he loves exploring and discovering.

To The Doctor all life is precious and he delights in it. Just look at his joyful reaction in The Doctor Dances when he realises he can (on this rare occasion) save everybody.

In essence, The Doctor is probably the most upstanding hero you can imagine – on the surface, at least, he makes Captain America look like The Punisher.

But the genius of the show is it never gives The Doctor an easy pass. We are often shown that The Doctor is wrong, that his power can be dangerous and that he is always fallible.

In fact even when doing good for the most right of reasons, the show still calls him out on how dangerous he can be. Just take a look at this scene where River (his wife, sort of…long story) scolds him for becoming such a force to be reckoned with in the universe. Villains are so terrified of him that to some the word ‘Doctor’ comes to mean warrior.

The Doctor is kept on the good path because his morality is ALWAYS in question and he’s only ever one slip away from making a terrible choice. Unlike with questioning the morality of Batman, where you’re thinking ‘yeah, no shit he’s morally dubious. He beats up poor people at night’, questioning The Doctor’s morality resonates more because he really does always try and do the right thing.

It’s a reminder to us all that we should always be questioning our morality and never feel satisfied we have all the answers.

So The Doctor is a good man, undeniably, but he is flawed, fallible and dangerous.

The universe of Doctor Who

What I love about Doctor Who is it’s a gleefully optimistic programme. It believes in the good of humanity and in our power to do the right thing, it believes in love and it believes in morality. Good almost always wins out in the Doctor Who universe.

But the genius of Doctor Who is that it doesn’t take place in a Disney like universe where everything is quite nice anyway. In fact the universe of Doctor Who is quite brutal – there are whole races of aliens who seek just to exterminate and destroy other living beings.

It’s a common complaint of the Moffat era (not entirely unfounded) that people don’t die. In actual fact, of course, people die all the time in Doctor Who. Most episodes feature entirely innocent people dying and their death attributed no meaning.

The power of this is Doctor Who’s optimism isn’t contrived or manipulative. All the good happens against the backdrop of a universe very much like our own – cold and indifferent.

You can see this clearly in the way the show treats humanity. We’re shown, time and time again, to be mere specks in a greater universe. The show sticks to a secular understanding of life in which our existence is an accident and our lives ultimately, perhaps, pointless.

But then, in perfect juxtaposition, humanity is shown to have great value. We’re immensely important to The Doctor and the way we live our lives truly does matter. The fact that we ascribe significance to things where there is none is not treated as misguided, it’s positively celebrated. Watch this scene as The Doctor celebrates our demarking of birthdays and Christmas. The universe, he reminds us, is beautiful…but only if there’s someone there to see it.

When you take a step back, Doctor Who is actually something of a love letter to humanity – albeit one that recognises our insignificance and our flaws. And think about how rare that is – an awful lot of film and TV focuses on humanity as corrupted beings, on our weaknesses and our potential for immorality. To have a show that sees the good in humanity is, in my view, to be celebrated.

So how is Doctor Who possibly a religion?

You may have followed me so far but have no idea how I’m going to make a leap that Doctor Who is as good as a religion.

Firstly, I would argue that the main driving force behind a beneficial religion is not a focus on truth claims but on narrative. This is something I think mainstream Christianity has certainly began to recognise.

The significance of the Gospel really isn’t in how it correlates to actual historical events but instead in how the story allows us to understand ourselves and our relationship with God.

This may sound slightly wishy-washy but an honest assessment of history would need us to relegate at least some of the Gospel accounts to story. For example, does anyone truly believe that the bodies of the saints were raised as stated in Matthew 27:52-53? Did the temple curtain really rip? Isn’t this instead better understood as eschatology, soteriology and beautiful, powerful imagery?

I remember one of my friends once didn’t like it when I described the Genesis account of creation as a myth. Isn’t the term ‘myth’ a bit derisive? In my mind, however, myth is in no sense meant as an insult. The Hebrew Scriptures are full of powerful and long-lasting stories that to a certain extent help us understand what it means to be human.

To say the Genesis account is myth is to allow it to explore the deep questions of what it means to be tempted, what it means to live in a world unblemished by evil etc. To insist it be read as history simply makes it a false account – we know that the world was not formed in six days. Ironically, it is in insisting that it be read as a literal account which takes away the power of the scripture.

And what of the resurrection? Did Jesus really rise from the dead? Does it even really matter? Don’t get me wrong, IF one can rationally argue for a miracle taking place then the resurrection is probably the one with the strongest defence (read something like NT Wright’s ‘The Resurrection of the Son of God’) but, ultimately, the deeper meaning of the resurrection transcends the actual truth claim. The resurrection showed that Jesus’ message did not die with him, that it could not be beaten by death and it lives on through the disciples and the Church.

So coming back to Doctor Who, what do we have? Stories. Narratives. Something with which we can use to question our humanity and our morality.

What Doctor Who really offers us is humanism, but it provides us with a tangible way to latch on to those ideas. Stories are, when push comes to shove, often more powerful and affecting than rational arguments.

We have The Doctor, perhaps the closest thing most of us could imagine to a God – he isn’t perfect but he loves, cares and stands up for what is right. He recognises humanity’s flaws but never gives up on us and still believes we all have value and meaning regardless. That is a worldview we can emulate.

This kind of use of popular stories needn’t be limited to Doctor Who (some have argued, for example, that superheroes are like the Greek myths of our time) but Doctor Who is the most powerful example for me.

In fact, could these kind of stories not be better than old Bible tales? The Bible is littered with ideas that don’t work in our time – for example, isn’t God’s massacre of the Egyptian children a war crime? Isn’t the notion of blood sacrifice horrific? Even Jesus said we should hate our families and compared a Syrophoenician Woman to a dog worthy of scraps. Note, I’m not saying these are what they seem on face value, in fact Jesus’ life besides these points is certainly one worthy of emulation, but it does prove how difficult it can be to use ancient texts as narratives for modern life.

Back to Doctor Who, the scene in The Rings of Akhaten (an unfairly maligned episode) where the doctor confronts a sun God is much more powerful if you imagine he is talking to the Abrahamic God (I can’t say for certain, but it looks likely this was the writer’s intention.) It’s a humanist facing off against the Abrahamic God mano e mano and the language is powerful.

“You think you’re a God, but you’re not a God. You’re just a parasite eaten out with jealously, and envy and longing for the lives of others.”

It certainly brings to mind that famous and controversial sentence from Richard Dawkin’s ‘The God Delusion’ where he describes God as the most unpleasant character in all of fiction.

You can watch the full scene here:

Wrapping up

I wrote this because, as sad as it may sound, Doctor Who really did help shape me as a person – at least in some small way. In my move from a fundamentalist background I saw the heart and soul of Doctor Who’s functional and inspiring humanism and as time went by it rang true with me more and more.

If religious power is in narrative, and if that narrative is to help us live as better human beings, then I suppose anything can form the basis of a religious movement – we just need to choose wisely.

Doctor Who seems as good as any religion to me!

Do you agree? Do you think I’ve lost my mind? Let me know in the comments below!

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Philosophy, religion

Is ‘New Atheism’ a thing of the past?

At the point I began reasoning for myself and was becoming a genuinely autonomous thinker, the New Atheism movement was in full swing. Richard Dawkins’ The God Delusion, Sam Harris’ A Letter to a Christian Nation and Christopher Hitchens’ God is Not Great were all books on my shelf, and all bestsellers. Through books, TV shows and websites these thinkers became academic celebrities; heck, Dawkins even got a small cameo in Doctor Who (although as an astrophysicist version of himself, bizarrely enough.) Their message was simple; religion is a dangerous delusion. I was raised in an evangelical Christian household, and so was caught in the crossfire of two warring positions. It was within this storm that I found a love for philosophy and went on to become a philosophy and theology graduate. The majority of my lecturers barely entertained the debate that raged on in the media as particularly academic or sophisticated at all, and having now finished my degree it is noticeable to me that the New Atheists are not as noisy as they once were. Indeed I suspect that particular brand of atheism is a thing of the past, at least within mainstream culture.

What marked New Atheism out was its particularly aggressive stance towards religion. Religious thinkers, according to the New Atheists, weren’t simply wrong or misguided, they were utterly deluded enemies of reason. It was the perfect position for an internet culture where many passionate people were given a platform to air their views for the first time on internet forums, blogs and comment sections. New Atheists, much like religious fundamentalists, were absolutely certain of their own position and of the irrationality of anyone who was stupid enough to disagree with them, and the internet was the perfect place to demonstrate their supremacy.

This certainty of the movement, and the view that everyone else was completely wrong, never sat well with me. New Atheism seemed like a reply to the worst kind of theism, a ham-fisted reply to ham-fisted theology. Take for example Hitchens who, during a public debate, made the point that even for Christians, Jesus’ resurrection was nothing special. After all, he argued, does it not state in Matthew 27:52-53 that the bodies of saints were also raised.  Was Jesus’ resurrection just one among many? For this he got a thunderous round of applause. In a way, I guess, he is right. If you take the gospels as literal history then you must concede that resurrection isn’t that uncommon…but who actually does that? Even in the evangelic circles I grew up in, I can’t say many Christians gave more than lip service to these passages. In actual fact there is a huge difference between the belief in Jesus’ resurrection and the resurrection of the saints. Jesus’ resurrection was a defining belief of the early disciples, the early church and hugely important in the writings of Paul. The resurrection of the saints, we should conclude, was probably understood by the Early Church as important theology and there is no indication they believed it to be historical. Immediately preceding the saints’ resurrection is the passage which describes the ripping of the temple curtain. This is eschatology, soteriology and beautiful, powerful imagery. To insist it be read as history is a total bludgeoning of the text.

Equally Dawkins’ views weren’t as informed as many of his readers may believe. For example, in The God Delusion Dawkins’ speaks as if we can know nothing of the historical Jesus simply because the gospels aren’t ‘history’ and suggests that a serious case can be mounted against his existence. This seems misleading however. I did my dissertation on the historical Jesus and I can say that I never came across, and I do not know of, any serious New Testament scholar who denies the existence of a historical Jesus. Certainly there are many weird and wonderful portrayals of Jesus, but doubting his existence belongs to outdated ‘Christ myth’ hypotheses which have long since been dismissed by scholars (in my opinion, not that it counts for much, I suspect the historical Jesus is closer to the gospels than an agnostic/atheist may imagine, and further from the gospels than a Christian would imagine.) In my view what Dawkins does here is no different to a creationist suggesting that a serious case can be made against evolution and that some scientists doubt the theory.

New Atheism, I think, did for atheists what the Alpha Course does for Christians. It didn’t offer real answers that dug deep beneath the surface of the question but simply provided digestible sound bites that could be quickly spurted out; for example who hasn’t heard the ‘flying spaghetti monster’ being dragged into a debate. I think it promoted a bizarre form of scientism, whereby the view of a scientist became the most authoritative. Yet religion has very little to do with science, and in my view philosophers and theologians are more qualified to speak on these issues than a scientist, unless the religious claim is a straightforward and refutable truth claim.

Now, I don’t think the New Atheist movement is anything like as prevalent as it once was. Most of the atheists I have ever spoken to tend to be eager to disassociate themselves from Dawkins and his ilk, and there just isn’t the same level of popular literature or attention dedicated to it. It has all the signs of a short lived fad that most people have gotten over. In fact it seems to me that the vast majority of people have either some sort of spiritual belief that would not sit well with Dawkins’ focus on pure scientific reasoning, or simply see religion as a private matter and don’t particularly care what someone else believes.

Yet, despite all this, I think the New Atheist movement, in some way, achieved what it set out to do. Religious attendance is declining, and atheism has been slowly growing. This does not trouble me in the slightest. Although I am a Christian I fully understand that to think my worldview is the only rational position would be arrogance of the highest order (for what it’s worth I consider my own beliefs to be internally reconcilable, but not something that would necessarily compel another.) The atheists of the moment, such as the philosopher Alain De Botton, are, in my view, considerably more sophisticated and better equipped to deal with religious belief. Botton wrote the book Religion for Atheists, and said: ‘Religions are in the end too complex, wise and fascinating to be abandoned simply to those who actually believe in them.’

And, despite the flow of my argument, I actually hope that not every strain of the New Atheist movement is lost. Clunky though its approach may have been, it was daring and considered nothing too sacred to be dissected by reason. Every belief needs to be critically assessed, and not all religion can be dismissed as private and harmless whilst it is still holding back progressive laws, allowing child mutilation and indoctrinating children into ignorant beliefs. If an atheist has a problem with a particular religious narrative, for example I struggle with the notion of sacrifice, then they should say it. Progressive Christians (and I would consider myself in that category) can be slippery buggers and sometimes need to be pinned down in answering exactly what it is informing their beliefs. New Atheists would not allow ignorance and injustice to hide behind the masquerade of religion, and that buccaneering focus on reason is important.

I think, then, that New Atheism has been in decline over the past few years and I would argue that this has, on the whole, been a good thing. Atheism now seems less reactionary and better informed on the matters it is talking about. Yet there are certain values and attitudes found in the New Atheism movement that I think we lose at our peril. Every belief, religious or otherwise, should be exposed to criticism and that is an axiom people should never lose.

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Philosophy, TV

Torchwood: Children of Earth – A Retrospective

Without any hyperbole I can honestly say that Torchwood: Children of Earth, a five episode miniseries that aired in 2009, is my favourite TV series ever. Having had a chance to re-watch it recently, I thought it would be enjoyable to write a retrospective on the series and the many issues it raises. I appreciate a series that aired nearly four years ago is hardly topical but my blog, my rules. I should warn you that there will also be spoilers so if you haven’t seen it, go and do so now. You won’t regret it.

Torchwood began life in 2006 as an ‘adult’ spinoff series from the much loved ‘Doctor Who.’ In honesty though, it wasn’t much good. Certainly the first two series had their moments, but for the most part it felt like that cringe inducing moment of adolescence we all go through where we feel very deep and mature, swearing a lot, perhaps with a cigarette in hand and not realising how much of a fool we really look. The series’ low points were an alien who survived on orgasmic energy (that actually happened) and a sexualised ‘cyberwoman’ (that actually happened too.) After the first two series I could hardly call myself a fan, and when a five part miniseries was announced I can’t say I recall being particularly excited. But then I watched it.

Children of Earth broadcast over five consecutive days and demonstrated what a truly adult science-fiction series was capable of. The premise was reasonably simple. One day every child in the world stops at the exact same moment. Then it keeps happening; only it soon becomes clear they are being used to communicate an alien message. Over the course of the series we realise they are being controlled by an alien race known only by the wave length they communicate on, the ‘456’, and this evil race soon make their demands clear; they want ten percent of the children of Earth or they will unleash a virus that will wipe out humanity. What makes the series so interesting is not the alien threat as such, but the effect it has on the human race. The ‘456’ are certainly horrific, in the end it is discovered that they want to use the children for ‘the hit’, they attach the children to themselves and use them as drugs, but what is even more horrifying is realistically portrayed human beings beginning to discuss how the ten percent should be selected.

Head writer Russell T. Davies, who was also at the helm of Doctor Who at the time, has always had such a beautiful way with words and every scene is a masterclass in effortless human dialogue. When Jack Harkness, played with surprising grit by John Barrowman, is scorned by his daughter as a ‘bastard’ for wanting to use his grandson to understand what is happening, we, as the audience, can’t help but agree with her. Equally when Ianto, played by Gareth David-Lloyd, opens up to his sister about his complex relationship with Jack, she replies, without a hint of malice; ‘Have you gone bender?’ I write a bit of fiction myself (although I usually keep that on the down-low, any unpublished writer risks sounding like a pretentious prick) and this is the kind of quality of writing I could only dream of one day achieving. Peter Capaldi, soon to be Doctor number…who knows what?, also shines as John Frobisher, a middle man set up as the fall guy by the Prime Minister; whose story comes to a tragic end when he takes his own life along with the lives of his family.

The real meat of the discussion, however, is in the difficult decision that faces the elected officials. Do they give into the ‘456’ and hand over ten percent of Earth’s children, or do they face humanities total extinction. What makes the writing so gripping is there really are no easy answers. In one of the most uncomfortable scenes I have ever watched, a group of politicians gather around a table and discuss how they will choose the ten percent. They toy with the idea of a lottery, but quickly exclude their own relatives. One politician suggests that the ten percent should be taken from the members of society who won’t contribute anything, who will spend a lifetime on the dole (I lied, this is a little topical given the buzz surrounding ‘Benefit Street’) and the others soon agree. The children from the schools at the bottom of the league table are selected. It is truly unsettling to watch, not least because it is not clear where your own view should lie. The politicians aren’t portrayed as evil, just deeply human with a combination of genuine concern for humanity mixed with intense self-interest. It is the ultimate utilitarian thought experiment, and it is truly horrific. A lesser series may have simply damned this decision, and for a while it looks like it is heading that way. The Torchwood team demand that they speak to the ‘456’ and stand up to it. However this results not only in the death of one of the team, but also many innocent peoples lives, after the ‘456’ unleash the virus into Thames House.

In the end the solution is much crueler. Captain Jack uses his own grandson to transmit the wavelength back at the ‘456’, killing both the alien and the boy, as his mother pleads with her dad to stop. In the end we are left wondering what the right choice was. Was Jack right to use his own grandson? It is in a way more selfless than the politicians who rushed to protect themselves, but could it not be considered even worse that he betrayed his family ties? Were the politicians right to put the needs of the many before the needs of the few, or would it be better if the whole of humanity died protecting their young? In one quiet moment Jack’s daughter ponders what sort of world would be left behind if people sit back and watch the aliens take the children. For me the dilemma closely parallels the discussion over animal experimentation where people are often at their most dispassionate and utilitarian. To what extent does the end justify the means? To what extent does the human race survive at the cost of its own humanity? There are no easy answers and the fact Torchwood doesn’t try and give any is what makes its growth into maturity recognisable.

It is not without moments of optimism, though they are few and far between, for example there is one scene where a group of men living on a council estate take up arms and fight against the army taking away the children. Although they are quickly crushed, it is interesting to see a group of stereotyped people given the chance to be heroes. This wasn’t the last we saw of Torchwood, it returned in 2011 with Miracle Day. It had an interesting premise, what if everybody in the world stopped dying, but it didn’t come close to the perfection of this series. Children of Earth is simply the most engaging, affecting, human and intelligent piece of science fiction I’ve seen and I will never stop recommending it to those who have yet to give it a go. Not bad for a franchise which began as a campy Doctor Who spinoff and which, in its second episode, showed a bouncer wanking of to an alien orgasming somebody into dust in a night club toilet (yes, that actually happened too!)

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